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Chief Martial Law Administrator

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(Redirected from Chief Executive of Pakistan)

The office of the Chief Martial Law Administrator was a senior and authoritative post with Zonal Martial Law Administrators as deputies created in countries such as Pakistan, Bangladesh and Indonesia that gave considerable executive authority and powers to the holder of the post to enforce martial law in the country in an events to ensure the continuity of government. This office has been used mostly by military officers staging a coup d'état. On some occasions, the office has been under a civilian head of state.


Some famous holders of this post in Pakistan include:

No. Portrait Name


Term of office Notes
Took office Left office Time in office
1 A black and white portrait of Ayub Khan Ayub Khan
27 October 1958 8 June 1962 3 years, 224 days Field Marshal Ayub Khan held the post under President Iskandar Ali Mirza.
2 Bakhtiar Rana
Lt. Gen. Bakhtiar Rana: held the post of Chief Martial Law Administrator West Pakistan
3 Yahya Khan
25 March 1969 20 December 1971 2 years, 270 days General Yahya Khan held the post simultaneously as the President of Pakistan.
4 Tikka Khan
1969 1971 1–2 Lt. Gen. Tikka Khan was appointed Chief Martial Law Administrator of West Pakistan in 1969 and of East Pakistan in 1971 by Yahya Khan.
5 A. A. K. Niazi
(1915– 2004)
1971 0 Lt. Gen. A. A. K. Niazi was appointed Chief Martial Law Administrator of East Pakistan in 1971 by Yahya Khan.
6 Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
(1928– 1979)
20 December 1971 14 August 1973 1 year, 237 days Zulfikar Ali Bhutto became the first civilian to hold this post in Pakistan after the fall of East Pakistan.
7 Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq
16 September 1978 17 August 1988 10 years, 123 days General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq held this office under President Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry after overthrowing Prime Minister Bhutto.
8 A portrait of Pervez Musharraf Pervez Musharraf
1999 2002 2–3 General Pervez Musharraf held this office under President Muhammad Rafiq Tarar, although it was styled as "Chief Executive of Pakistan"[1]


Some famous holders of this post in Bangladesh include:

  1. Maj. Gen. Khaled Mosharraf (1975): held this post for four days after a bloody Military coup only to be killed in a counter coup led by JSD leader retired Lt. Col. Abu Taher, resuming Major General Ziaur Rahman's reign.
  2. Justice Abu Sadat Mohammad Sayem (1975–76): held this post while serving as the fifth president of Bangladesh.
  3. Maj. Gen. Ziaur Rahman (1976–77): held this post during martial law and until withdrawal of Martial Law and assumed the presidency in 1977.
  4. Lt. Gen. Hussain Muhammad Ershad (1982): held this post until withdrawal of martial law in 1982–86.


In Indonesia, this post was briefly held by army chief Suharto, who seized power in 1966 and forced President Sukarno to resign in 1967. Sukarno had also enforced martial law during his tenure as President of Indonesia.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "A coup in Thailand". DAWN (Editorial). 23 May 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2014.

External links[edit]